Many states have varying extents of marijuana legalization in which it may be medically legal, recreationally legal, or just decriminalized. Therefore, the crimes and punishments for marijuana-related crimes also vary. For example, in Alabama, you may go to jail for 20 years for possessing any amount of marijuana. However, in California, you must be selling to a minor to be arrested. Similar to the topic of employment and marijuana use, public opinion and policies are always changing, which will most probably warrant convictions and prison sentences to be adjusted as well.
Wu, G., Li, Y., & Land, X. (2022). Effects of recreational marijuana legalization on clearance rates for violent crimes: Evidence from Oregon. International Journal of Drug Policy, 100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2021.103528
Morris, R. G., TenEyck, M., Barnes, J. C., & Kovandzic, T. V. (2014). The effect of medical marijuana laws on crime: Evidence from state panel data, 1990-2006. PloS One, 9(3), e92816. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092816
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